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3 avril 2017 1 03 /04 /avril /2017 16:48
 

This paper explores the way in which announcers created spectacle in the Eurosport coverage of the men’s and women’s tennis singles semi-finals and finals at the Australian Open 2015. This was an event where gender representations were under global social media scrutiny after two female players were asked to ‘twirl’ for the audience. We used a two-phase thematic analysis. Semantic thematic analysis showed that more personal descriptions were directed at women than men and these often described off-court features. Descriptions of men included detailed and specific portrayals of physical characteristics, while women’s bodies were seldom referred to specifically. Discourse analysis showed that men’s games were spoken of as physical clashes between titans. In contrast, women’s matches were described in aesthetic rather than physical terms and ‘diva-like’ personalities and relationships were important features of women’s game narratives. While male bodies were described in specific detail where relevant to technical features of the game, women’s bodies were only described indirectly and non-specifically. For the women’s game, this dialogical repression of specific body talk in combination with a strong focus on aesthetic judgements invoked stereotypes by omission, simultaneously reinscribing gender stereotypes and emphasizing their importance by communicating taboo. These gendered commentaries created distinctive gendered spectacles for the men’s and women’s events.

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1012690217701889

 

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16 mars 2017 4 16 /03 /mars /2017 12:36

Six portraits de stars

Anne Méténier

L'esclavage aux États-Unis est aboli en 1865, mais une violente ségrégation raciale lui fait suite. Grâce à cet ouvrage, des personnages célèbres (Nina Simone, Miles Davis et Martin Luther King, entre autres), vont vous faire voyager au cœur de l'Amérique ségrégative. De génération en génération, les faits montrent alors que la question de l'intégration des Afro-Américains dans la société américaine a été et reste un sujet douloureux…

Coll. Historiques

230 pages • 23,5 euros• mars 2017

EAN : 9782343110547

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21 janvier 2017 6 21 /01 /janvier /2017 10:56

K. Adkins, A. Thompson, J. Moses

Abstract

Background
Acne can be associated with a range of psychosocial impacts including stigmatisation. Media representations of acne are likely to play an important contextual role in the nature of such impacts. This study sought to: (1) examine themes contained with acne-related advertisements, in women’s magazines; (2) to investigate how portrayals of acne have changed over time, situated in historical context.

Methods
A novel interdisciplinary methodological approach was adopted that incorporated ethnographic content analysis and thematic analysis. A total of 637 advertisements were collected from three UK women’s magazines (Cosmopolitan, Woman, Spare Rib), covering the past 40 years, at 5 year intercepts.

Findings
Acne was primarily framed as a cosmetic concern. Four key themes were identified: i) ‘Spot-free’/‘perfect’ skin as the ideal; ii) myths surrounding acne; iii) psychosocial impact of acne; iv) normalising acne. There were differences in the frequency and content of advertisements over time and between magazines, which suggested a movement away from myths surrounding acne, yet increased pressures to meet unrealistic ideals.

Discussion
Acne was portrayed consistently as a threat to ‘perfect’ skin, and typically associated with distress. Over time, the focus of advertisements subtly changed, linking acne treatments with the pursuit of the body beautiful via self-improvement. Acne was frequently depicted as a barrier to being attractive and to forming romantic relationships. Advertisements also perpetuated myths regarding hygiene, age, and accountability. The results add evidence to the media's role in maintaining hegemonic accounts of female ‘beauty’ that may increase the risk of stigmatisation associated with acne.
http://www.ehps.net/ehp/index.php/contents/article/view/2429

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12 janvier 2017 4 12 /01 /janvier /2017 08:03

par Karima AÏT DAHMANE

 

A LIRE sur : 

http://crasc.dz/insaniyat/pdfs/n_37_ait-dahmane-fr.pdf

 

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3 janvier 2017 2 03 /01 /janvier /2017 08:39

Summary

Aim

This study investigated whether perceived weight discrimination is associated with increased risk for major chronic medical conditions and whether the associations persist after adjusting for other stressful life events in addition to BMI, physical activity and sociodemographic variables.

Methods

The study included 21 357 overweight/obese adults (52.9% women) from the 2001 to 2002 and 2004 to 2005 National Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions.

Results

Perceived weight discrimination was significantly associated with risk for arteriosclerosis, diabetes, high cholesterol, myocardial infarction, minor heart conditions and stomach ulcers. Perceived weight discrimination was associated with reporting more stressful life events. After adjusting additionally for stressful life events in the final multiple logistic regression, associations with arteriosclerosis, diabetes and minor cardiac conditions remained significant. Gender-stratified analyses revealed that perceived weight discrimination was associated with different medical conditions in women than men, and many associations became non-significant when adjusting for stressful life events, particularly for women.

Conclusions

Among overweight/obese adults, perceived weight discrimination is associated with significantly increased risk for obesity-related chronic medical conditions even after adjusting for BMI, physical activity and sociodemographic variables. Accounting for other acute stressful life events may also be important in understanding the health effects of perceived weight discrimination. Such added health risk of overweight/obesity posed by perceived weight discrimination warrants public health and policy interventions against weight discrimination to reduce the socioeconomic burden of obesity.

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22 décembre 2016 4 22 /12 /décembre /2016 17:42

This article analyses perceived in-group discrimination of 29,189 first and second generation immigrant respondents from 201 different countries of origin currently living in one of 27 EU countries. In addition to testing effects of individual factors, the article estimates the effects of macro-characteristics of both origin and destination countries and community variables. The migration history of these groups is relevant for perceived discrimination: immigrants with citizenship, who speak the majority language at home and have at least one native parent perceive less in-group discrimination, whereas religious respondents, especially from religions that differ more in comparison to the majority, perceive more in-group discrimination. Furthermore, macro-characteristics of the country of origin are most important in explaining differences between European countries. Immigrants from socio-economically more developed countries with higher living standards – and for that reason more comparable to the native population – are less likely to perceive in-group discrimination.

A LIRE SUR : 

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0268580916676915

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21 décembre 2016 3 21 /12 /décembre /2016 10:18

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17 décembre 2016 6 17 /12 /décembre /2016 08:32

Disabled people and reconstruction of identity: inclusion or stigmatisation

Języki publikacji
 
PLEN
Abstrakty
EN
Managing social identity, reconstruction of identity, constructing own biography from scratch is something that a person with acquired disability must cope with. People with inborn disability create their identity of a disabled from the beginning. They are prepared/raised/educated to take the part of a person with disabilities in the society. Can a person who acquired disability experience such accelerated adaptation? It is disability that will become the central category which will determine their social identity. In the article the author raises the problems connected with setting up the line between personal and social identity, between satisfying the need to be unique and the need to belong, between defining a person through the prism of stigma (Erving Goffman) and perceiving them as representative of a specific type of personality (Alfred Schutz). How deep is the mark of a person with disability that this disability imprints in their life is best known only by the people who live with it. How difficult is the management of social identity or the reconstruction of biography is best know by them as well. What is the identity created or reconstructed in the process of social stigmatisation going to be like? Is it possible to come out of the process of stigmatisation?
Rocznik
 
Numer
 
Strony
 
170-185
Twórcy
 
 
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2 décembre 2016 5 02 /12 /décembre /2016 08:19
  • Par Helen Owton

This chapter considers the norms for gender and sexuality in sport subcultures (e.g. team-based contact sports) that may involve more violence-supportive attitudes, which means characteristics embedded in a masculinist culture can normalise the sexist part of sport and trivialise sexual harassment, rape and abuse. Sexual assault and rape in sport are motivated by ‘power over’ and ‘power as property’. The vignettes and poems that are presented in this chapter focus on the rape Bella experienced at 17 years of age. The discussion that follows considers the possibility of destabilising readers’ preconceived assumptions about gender and power in sport, challenging some of the commonly held beliefs about rape where the rapist is usually a stranger.

Keywords:

Gender Sexuality Rape in sport Vignettes Poems
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2 décembre 2016 5 02 /12 /décembre /2016 08:05

parChristian Lachal

 

 

http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=LAUTR_050_0149

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Présentation

  • : DIMA, VIPS
  • : Ce blog est destiné à permettre le partage d'informations pratiques, professionnelles et scientifiques concernant les questions de discrimination, d'intégration des minorités, et plus largement des rapports à l'Altérité Il ne s'intéresse pas uniquement aux sports, mais pointe spécifiquement ces activités culturelles particulières et omniprésentes de nos jours
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