ILS – Research Institute for Regional and Urban Development gGmbH, Germany
Sabine Weck, ILS – Research Institute for Regional and Urban Development gGmbH, Brüderweg 22–24, 44135 Dortmund, Germany. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article analyses place-specific and common social exclusion patterns and trends in a wide variety of European localities from a comparative case study perspective. The local level is where the interrelationship of multiple factors leading to social exclusion becomes obvious, and at the same time where policies responding to it are most directly needed. In our analysis, we focus on the national and local policy environment, the economic environment, and individual and territorial characteristics as generally accepted factors causing or contributing to social exclusion. Based on our empirical findings, we discuss connections/disconnections between these and locally specific patterns and trends of social exclusion. Though the results point to the highly contextual nature of social exclusion, there are nevertheless clear continuities and discontinuities in explaining local patterns.
Some of the main findings in this book result from two successive participant observations in two different five-star hotels – bearing Western brands – in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. I was hired a cook for the first season in 2008 (equivalent to the summer break in Europe) and as waiter-cum-wine trainer in the second hotel the following year, in 2009. As a participant observer, it is customary in the field of anthropology to comply with a self-ethnography exercise before presenting collected qualitative data, in an attempt of an “objectivation of the self”. The present prologue does not aim at demonstrating the limited biasness of the findings, thanks to the objectivation of the status of the researcher. I personally do not believe in the possibility of a “temporary acculturation process” as a valid scientific investigation method. I believe firmly however in the necessity of proceeding to what the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu called a “socio-analysis”, in order to become aware of “a self-consciousness of being me as another”. The traditional fear of “going native” would not be relevant anymore, as my two participant observations were preceded by a 4-year sojourn in Malaysia during which I happened to work, get married, convert to Islam and became a father.
es émeutes ont remis la lutte contre les discriminations à l’ordre du jour politique. Pour autant, il ne s’est pas passé grand-chose sur ce dossier, nous dit Patrick Simon. Revenant sur dix ans de non-politique antidiscrimination, il relie l’inaction publique au backlash contre la dimension multiculturelle de la société française. Entre l’assimilation et la lutte contre les discriminations, les élites françaises ont choisi de rendre les minorités responsables des ratés de l’intégration. Les réactions aux attentats de janvier 2015 renforcent cette dynamique de guerre culturelle contre les minorités.
This article explores motorcycling as an arena for the choreography and performance of body practices of pleasure for young men with hearing disabilities. The article advances the argument that the discursive multiplicity of identities experienced in motorcycling destabilises precepts that privilege paid work and institutionalised competitive team sports as absolute bastions of masculine existence. Drawing on data collected from an interview with one young man with a severe hearing disability, it will be shown that his experience of both finding a stable occupation, and participating in institutionalised team sports, is marked by ongoing difficulties. By contrast, participation in motorcycling is an occasion by which he (re)constructs and enhances his masculine identity. The embodied experience of motorcycling invokes possibilities for an interconnection with the masculine, and dialogic exchange with the identity of hearing disability. This demonstrates an uncertainty of settlements regarding what constitutes ‘masculinity’ and ‘disability’ in different sites and contexts.
Sociologists who have examined the issue of lesbians in American sport in the 1980s and 1990s normally found overt and covert mechanisms of social discrimination. However, homophobia has been on a rapid decline over previous decades, and studies show attitudes toward female homosexuality in sport have improved since the research conducted on lesbian athletes in the mid-1990s. This article uses data collected between that epoch and current studies to analyze athletic narratives of openly lesbian team sport athletes in 2002. We find no universal pattern for the treatment of openly lesbian athletes existed in this era of decreasing homohysteria. However, as with gay men in sport at the time, athletic capital influenced who came out, and heterosexism was prominent.
International Review for the Sociology of Sport September 2015 50: 647-660, first published on June 10, 2013 doi:10.1177/1012690213490520
Ce blog est destiné à permettre le partage d'informations pratiques, professionnelles et scientifiques concernant les questions de discrimination, d'intégration des minorités, et plus largement des rapports à l'Altérité
Il ne s'intéresse pas uniquement aux sports, mais pointe spécifiquement ces activités culturelles particulières et omniprésentes de nos jours